The polar night is the opposite of a solar eclipse, when the solar disk is not visible above the horizon at all. This only happens within the polar circles. Polar night occur in polar regions during the winter months: Northern Hemisphere – September – March, Southern Hemisphere – March – September. Since the polar region deviates from the Sun in winter, even the regions that are on the daytime side of the Earth do not receive direct sunlight as the Sun stays behind the horizon. Polar nights occur in many localities in the Northern Hemisphere. Although Norway bills itself as the Land of the Midnight Sun, you can also see it in parts of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Finland, Russia, and Sweden. The only land area that is far enough in the south of the Southern Hemisphere and still has polar nights is Antarctica.Want to know where you can see the polar night in Russia? We translate the Russian Beyond thematic material .
Dixon, Krasnoyarsk Territory – 80 days and nights
This village on the very edge of Taimyr is called the Arctic desert. This is the land of permafrost, endless winters and incessant winds. From September to May, it is covered with snow. In Dikson, the polar night begins on November 10-11 and lasts until early February. Its population has been steadily declining, dropping from around 5,000 in the 1980s to just over 500 today.
Tiksi, Yakutia – 67 days and nights
In this small village in the north of Yakutia, the polar night lasts from November 17 to January 25. Former resident of Tiksi, Yulia Bogoslova, recalls: “This does not mean that there is pitch darkness all the time. When I returned from school at about 1–3 o’clock in the afternoon, it was a little light, but then it became dark again. There were fluorescent lamps near the flowerpot on the windowsill to keep the plants comfortable. But the northern lights were fantastic! It is an indescribable sight. ”
Pevek, Chukotka – 50 days and nights
Pevek is officially the northernmost city in Russia. And one of the smallest! Its current population is only 2,500, which is ten times less than in Soviet times. As with many other places in the Arctic, Pevek can only be reached by plane (and by sea in summer), and all the houses here are painted in cheerful colors. The local wind, known as the yuzhak, is one of the most insidious on the planet. The polar night here begins on November 27 and ends on January 16. Valeria Silina, a local resident who moved here from Voronezh, say: “For me, the polar night is a dificult period. Every time I just try to get over it. If last year I had prolonged depression, then this time my body just goes crazy. During the day I really want to sleep, but by midnight my body clock tells me that now is the time to pet or watch the series. If you can’t escape to a warm place, singing in a hot bath with aromatic oils can help. Like dreams: on the polar night, dreams are like the sun – they make life warmer and brighter. ”
Norilsk – 45 days and nights
In Norilsk, the polar night lasts approximately from November 30 to January 13. The only time a little light comes out is from 1:00 to 2:00 pm, although it would be an exaggeration to describe this as light. It actually gets a little less dark. Plus it’s much colder here. In autumn, the temperature can drop to 30 degrees below zero! Add to this the Taimyr winds (the peninsula is often called the graveyard of Atlantic cyclones) and the absence of plants, and an ordinary day of a typical Norilsk citizen begins to seem like a truly heroic feat of the polar night. And yet people manage to find beauty even in this harsh country and climate. I feel like in a fairy tale, it’s like a constant season of New Year’s holidays. ”
Murmansk – 41 days and nights
Murmansk with a population of about 300,000 is the largest city in the world beyond the Arctic Circle. The polar night here begins on December 1-2 and lasts until about January 10-11. One local even tried to film nearly 24 hours of darkness (although it gets a little lighter during the day):